Sports Medicine Australia has been engaged by Australian University Sports to provide qualified and skills sports trainers at specific Eastern Unigames sports. aims to provide sports first aid and initial medical care to relevant AUS events. It also aims to provide an appropriate level of care for competitors, support staff, officials, and volunteers in terms of injury and illness associated with the games. Therefore, the sports trainers will provide first line treatment and refer injuries on for assessment that is more definitive where appropriate.
Sports that will have a Sports Medicine Australia trainer on venue are:
- Indoor Cricket
- Touch Football
- Ultimate Frisbee
All other sports will rely on venue first aid as the first line of treatment
Sprts trainers will provide taping services to students prior ot their matches. It must be noted that fees may apply:
If student provides own tape = free of charge
If student uses sport medicine trainer tape = $5 fee
Sot tissue injuries are the most prevalent form of injury at EUG. Methods of prevention include the following:
- Warming up, stretching and cooling down.
- Undertaking training prior to competition to ensure readiness to play.
- Including appropriate speed work in training programs so muscles are capable of sustaining high acceleration forces.
- Including appropriate stretching and strengthening exercises in weekly training programs.
- Gradually increasing the intensity and duration of training.
- Maintaining high levels of cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance to prevent fatigue.
- Allowing adequate recovery time between workouts or training sessions.
- Wearing appropriate footwear that is well fitted and provides adequate support and traction for the playing surface.
- Wearing protective equipment, such as shin guards, mouthguards and helmets.
- Ensuring the playing surface and the sporting environment is safe and clear of any potentially dangerous objects.
- Drinking water before, during and after play.
- Avoiding activities that cause pain.
- Water is essential to maintain blood volume, regulate body temperature and allow muscle contractions to take place. During exercise, the main way the body maintains optimal body temperature is by sweating. Heat is removed from the body when beads of sweat on the skin evaporate, resulting in a loss of body fluid. Sweat production, and therefore fluid loss, increases with a rise in ambient temperature and humidity, as well as with an increase in exercise intensity. Drinking fluid during exercise is necessary to replace fluids lost in sweat. This action will reduce the risk of heat stress, maintain normal muscle function, and prevent performance decreases due to dehydration. In most cases during exercise, the rates of sweat loss are higher than the rate you can drink, so most athletes get into fluid deficit. Therefore, fluid guidelines promote drinking more fluid to reduce the deficit and potential performance detriments associated with dehydration. However, it is also important to acknowledge that it is possible to over-drink during exercise.
Warm Up + Cool Down
- Warm-up and cool down activities should be incorporated into training and competition routines. The warm-up prepares the body for activity, as well as helping to prevent injury to muscles, which can be more susceptible to injury when cold. The cool down helps the body clear lactic acid that builds up during any activity. Less lactic acid means less soreness and stiffness the next day!
- The ideal warm-up will depend on the sport, the level of competition and the age of the participants. The warm-up should incorporate the muscle groups and activities that are required during training or competition. The intensity of the warm-up should begin at a low level gradually building to the level of intensity required during training or competition. For most athletes, 5 to 10 minutes is enough. However in cold weather the duration of the warm-up should be increased.
- Ensure that all participants adhere to the AUS uniform requirements, inclusive of protective equipment for sports such as hocky, indoor cricket and football.
- From 2002-2003, one in every 449 basketballers was admitted to a hospital across Australia.
- The rate of injury for football players is up to 35 injuries per 1,000 playing hours.
- From 2002-2003, 193 people were admitted to hospitals across Australia for hockey-related injuries, at a rate of 108 injuries per 100,000 hockey players.
- From 2002-2003, 1,034 people were admitted to hospitals across Australia for cricket-related injuries
- The rate of injury for netballers is 14 injuries per 1,000 hours played
- In 2006, 40,400 people in Victoria participated in volleyball, either training or games. During this time, 32 people were admitted to Victorian hospitals while 133 people visited emergency departments for volleyball-related injuries.